Galungan and Kuningan

     GALUNGAN is celebrated every 210 days as a celebration for the victory of dharma (goodness) over adharma (evil). This is indicated by the ‘presence’ of the ancestral spirits of the deceased relatives coming back to visit the Earth.

     Galungan is a long series of holidays. It starts when Hindu devotees celebrate the day of Tumpek Bubuh or Tumpek Wariga (Dec. 1) and will end on the Buda Kliwon Pahang Pegatuwakan (Jan. 30, 2019).

     Ahead of the peak of the Galungan feast is called the Penampahan Day (Dec. 25) where in the afternoon the penjor (bamboo log with ritual paraphernalia) of victory starts to be installed on the right side of the entrance of the house compound on the edge of the highway. Then, on Buda Kliwon Pahang, the penjor is removed and burnt and used as compost for fertilize the land in the sacred area (temple, family temple and shrine).

     The following are a few days before and after Galungan, during which all public schools in Bali are closed for 2 weeks for holidays. While government offices and banks are closed at the peak of the celebration only.

Penyekeban Day

     Three days before Galungan is called Penyekeban Day (Dec. 23). At that time, the banana which is the main ingredient of the Galungan offerings is stored to brood when Galungan. Penyekeban means “the day to cover” because this is the day when green bananas are covered in large clay pots to speed up their ripening.

Penyajaan Day

     Two days before Galungan is called Penyajaan Day (December 24), which is the day of preparing cake (fried rice cakes) for offerings. This day also means the time of introspection for Balinese people and the time to make Balinese rice cakes known as jaja. These colorful cakes are made from rice flour and fried dough used in offerings and consumed on Galungan Day.

Penampahan Day

     The day before Galungan is the Penampahan Day (Dec. 25). On this day, people are busy chopping pork or chickens for partying. Previously, pigs and chickens are blessed and slaughtered to make Galungan specialties such as lawar, satay and so on.

Galungan Day (Dec. 26)

     This is the highlight of the Galungan celebration. Balinese people usually wear their best traditional clothes to attend prayers together at family temples. This is a day to remind themselves of the long lineage of their ancestors and the beautiful story as part of them. Balinese people reconnect and renew their commitment to trying to make tomorrow better, trying to make themselves better every day.

Umanis Galungan

     The day after Galungan is called Umanis Galungan. Today is dedicated to spending time with family and visiting large families that might live in other parts of Bali. Road sections are crowded by people travelling and visiting tourist attractions together. They take a day trip with family.

Kuningan Day

     Ten days after Galungan is called Kuningan Day (Jan. 5, 2019). Hindu devotees say prayers and give offerings to the spirits of their ancestors being back to heaven.

Buda Kliwon Pahang

     The last series of Galungan is Buda Kliwon Pahang (Jan. 30, 2019). This day is marked with the withdrawal of penjor having been installed for more than a month in front of their homes. Enjoy the Galungan and Kuningan holidays in Bali. v BTNewspapaer

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